Best 5 Fire Fighting Measures for Nepal
The best way to prevent any disaster is by implementing caution. Prevention and safety measures always comes first. But accidents are inevitable. Accidents do happen. So, here are five of the best fire fighting measures for household fires in Nepal:
1. Wet Fire Sprinkler Systems
A wet fire sprinkler system operates by using automatic sprinklers. The sprinkler heads are attached to a piping system filled with pressurized water. As soon as a fire is detected, the sprinkler system activates and the water discharges. Only sprinklers that sense the heat of the fire will dispense water. A fire sprinkler system is one of the most reliable fire fighting systems which requires very little maintenance. The wet pipe system is the simplest and most widely used fire sprinkler system.
2. Dry Pipe Systems
Dry sprinklers, unlike wet pipe systems, do not use water until a fire is detected. The pipes are filled with pressurized air or nitrogen rather than water. This air holds a remote valve, known as a dry pipe valve in a closed position. The dry pipe valve prevents water from entering the pipe until a fire triggers one of the sprinklers. When this occurs, the valve releases the air, after which water flows into the pipe, and the sprinklers release the water onto the fire. Dry pipe systems are usually installed in places with colder conditions.
3. Hand Held Fire Extinguishers
Most fire extinguishers work by separating the fuel from the oxygen. If you can coat the fuel with something that keeps the oxygen away, the fire will get doused. A fire extinguisher is your best defense if a fire breaks out. It is recorded that about 48% of household fires start small and can be easily prevented with fire extinguishers. Make sure that there are a few in every home, specially in common areas that are easily accessible. Should such a fire break out, every household can prevent small fires from turning out into a major disaster.
4. Gaseous Fire Suppression Systems
Gaseous fire suppression, also called clean agent fire suppression, is a term used to describe the usage of inert gases such as argon or nitrogen to douse a fire. Gas suppression systems extinguish fires by removing the oxygen level to below 15% – a level where most materials do not burn. It was activate by a smoke detection system that detects the early presence of smoke.
5. Foam Fire Suppression Systems
A foam fire suppression system is a type of wet sprinkler system that utilizes both water and a foaming agent for large scale fire extinguishing. The “foam” in foam fire suppression systems is an fire extinguishing agent that can extinguish combustible liquid by cooling and separating the ignition source from the surface. The foam can suppress both fires and vapors. It can also prevent reignition. This fire suppression system can extinguish large fires in a few seconds with incredible efficiency. From both an installation and maintenance point of view, foam suppression systems are typically more cost effective.
At The Urban Space, we have worked extensively to ensure proper fire fighting measures along with other safety measures for each of our homes. The Urban Space homes will deliver European Standard Safety and Comfort for the first time in Nepal. In the short video below, our Fire Safety Expert Mr. Rukesh Shilpakar elaborate on how fire and other safety measures have been designed for our homes at the Urban Space.